A Geographic overview Map of Jilin Province entire delineating provincial borders and parts of neighboring Inner Mongolia AR in the West, HeilongJiang Province in the North, the Russian Primorsky Krai Maritime Province to the East, North Korea in the East and South-East and finally Liaoning Province in the South-West.
Map and description include Siping City, nearby Yitong Manchu Autonomous County (of Siping), the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture on the borders with Russia and North Korea, Changbai Shan Naturese Reserve, Songhua Lake, Main Mountains (with Height), major highways, provincial railroads and main railroad-stations, and main waterways & rivers. This Map further provides links to on site photos and information on the Cities and Main Monuments.
The Manchu Ethnic Minority in Jilin Province :
The Manchu are the second largest Ethnic Minority Group in China after the Mongolians. The Manchu People mainly reside in the North-Eastern Regions of China, in the past collectively known as Manchuria.
According to the Year 2000 AD National Census there were 5.813.900 Manchu living within Chinese Borders.
The First Manchu Ethnic Community in Jilin Province can be found near Siping, a industrial- and railway-city located in the south of the Songliao Plain in south-west Jilin along the south-manchurian railway line. The City lies about halfway between Shenyang and Changchun, the Capital of the Province.
The City of Siping has 2.8 million citizens and is a key material distribution center and a confluence of railroads radiating in all directions in northeastern China. As an important railway crossing in Manchuria the City was hotly contested by China, the Japanese and the Russians in the Colonial Age and World War II.
Located at some distance of Siping in southeastern Lishu County, the ancient town of Yehe is a well-known tourist spot and the native Home of the Manchu Ethnic Group.
In fact: according to folk tales, Yehe, which in Manchu Language means "the sun by the riverside", is the very place where the Manchu ethnic group originated. The renovated town of Yehe is positioned on a hill overlooking Zhuanshan Lake of eastern Yehe. The village is surrounded by water on all sides, and the hill and the
The Second worthwhile Manchu Ethnic Community in Jilin Province can be found nearby Siping at Yitong County. The Manchu Autonomous County of Yitong (伊通满族自治县; Pinyin: Yītōng mǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn, Manchu: Itung Manju Zijysiyan) is an administrative subdivision of the Province of Jilin in China. It is placed under the jurisdiction of the city-prefecture of Siping and is located at quite some distance to the North-East of Siping City.
Yitong County covers 2,523 square kilometers.
Yitong Town, the Capital of the Manchu Autonomous County can be reached from Changchun by highway or Train.
The population of the county was of: 473842 inhabitants in 1999 AD, among which a high percentage of Ethnic Manchu. Recent numbers available only mention 444 thousand citizens.
For those visiting especially for the Manchu Minority, a tour of the local Yitong Manchu Folk Custom Museum is a must !
A Large role in the economy of Yitong Town is taken by the Yitong Manchu Autonomous County Auto Bodywork Plant, a factory where trucks are assembled. Other leading industries are cement, beer, building materials, and other accessories. The main agricultural products of Yitong and County are corn, soybeans, sorghum, rice, ricin, sunflower and sugar beet.
Special local products include deer antler, ginseng, jade carving, hand-made carpets and embroidery, and willow-twig weaving products only found among ethnic groups in the North-East.
Among natural resources found in Yitong County are deposits of gold, iron, copper, manganese, antimony, fluorite and coal.
Other than the Manchu Minority Culture, the main scenic sights of Yitong County of Siping City are the so called Yitong Volcano Group or Dagu Shan. This group of volcanic hills is a national nature reserve consisted of sixteen volcanoes. Large-scale rock caves and columns of pagoda-shaped rock scattered around the volcanoes create an unusual landscape. Yitong Volcanic Group is one of many volcanically active regions within Jilin Province, another one being found within Changbai Shan Nature Reserve on the Chinese side of Changbai Shan (Baektu San). Yitongs 16 Volconoes however with their unique volcano landscape and phenomena is especially attractive for geologists and tourists.
Buildings inside the town of Yehe are arranged according to the terrain and decorated with exquisite carvings, showing the cultural features of the Manchu's. To find out more about the folk customs of the Manchu and/or their remaining Culture, a visit to the village of Yehe is a good way to start. The enchanting atmosphere and surroundings of the small village make for an excellent, somewhat idyllic getaway from the Industrial Cities of the North.
Explore the surrounding lands, enjoy manchu song and dance and immerse yourself in the history and customs of the Manchu Ethnic Group while enjoying the City Scenes.
Climatic Features in Yitong County: Bearing a temperate continental monsoon climate, the city is characterized by dry and windy spring, wet and hot summer, moderate and cool autumn, as well as long and chilly winter. Mainly, the rainfall concentrated on the period from June to August, with most rain falling in June. The annual average temperature falls between 4 Degrees Celcius and 6 Degrees Celcius (39.2-42.8 degree Fahrenheit).
Famous inhabitants: Tang Chunling born in Yitong Manchu Autonomous County (June 24, 1976), Jilin is a female Chinese field hockey player who recently played for the Chinese National Team during the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, an achievement celebrated throughout the County.
County of Yitong is also the location of one or more forced labor camps. As confirmed by Minghui reporter Chu Tianxing who spoke with a Chinese Police Unit known as the '610 Office', incarcerated Falun Gong practitioners at these facilities were held as slaves to provide free labor beyond their physical limit. Furthermore, they were subjected to brutal beatings by the hands of the disciplinary staff and supervisors'. Clearly Yitong County is a far corner of the Nation, and anyone traveling best stay out of the way of trouble and the law.