All three main gates fell under the jurisdiction of the Pianguan Pass and its Garrison patrolled as far East as Baiyang Mountain, the point of juncture of the Inner and Outer layers of the Great Wall.
- (4) Pianguan Pass -
Directions & Introduction -
This page was last updated: August 2, 2015
Great Wall of China in Shanxi Province
Shanxi Province Geographic Map 1A
A Geographic overview Map of Shanxi Province entire delineating provincial borders and parts of neighboring Shaanxi Province in the West, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the North, Hebei Province to the East and Henan Province in the South. Includes Cities and Towns (shown by size), Main Monuments & landmarks of Shanxi Province, the flow of the yellow river along the borders with Shaanxi- and Henan Provinces, Great Wall of China locations in North Shanxi Province, Main Mountains (with Height), major highways, provincial railroads and main railroad-stations and main waterways & rivers. This Map further provides links to on site photos and information on the City and Area of Datong, Yungang Caves World Cultural Heritage Site, Wu Tai Shan Holy Mountains Area and Monasteries. Other sites will be included in the Future.
The Pian Guan (偏关, piān guān), Guan meaning Pass, is one of the oldest fortified passes on the Great Wall. Its main fortress of Piantou fortress was the first fortification in the area and was constructed as long ago as during the Five Dynasties (and Ten Kingdoms) Period (907 AD to 960 AD).
The current day remains of the Gates on the 3 passes near the Piantou Fortress oddly were first built during the Yuan Dynasty (1271 AD - 1368 AD). In essence however, no trace of this original Yuan Dynasty pass is left today except for an arched gate. Despite repeated restorations and strenghtening during the Ming Dynasty, the Walls themselves are missing from the landscape. Most of the 200 watchtowers active during the Ming Era only a few remain.
The Pian Pass itself is 1.6 miles in circumference and 38.4-feet high. Originally there were three gates in the east, west and south sides. However, due to many years of dismantling from the 1940's onwards, only two gates are left today, the south brick arched gate and a 32.8-yard brick wall in the west of the pass.
Nearby is and the “Hualin Bao”,the ancient military fort built for the Garrison of the Pass during the Ming Dynasty.
Nearby Pian Guan village are two worthwile associated sites. The First in Line is the “Shigou”Wall, a section of inter-connecting wall which links the Outer Layer and Inner Layer of the Great Wall in this area. The second is one not to be missed: the Great Wall of China at the Yellow River, just a short hike due west of Pian Guan.
China Report - Map of the Gobi Desert & Yellow River Flow
A Satellite Image Map of the Entire Gobi Desert Region. Map overviews North-West Xinjiang Autonomous Region, Mongolia, Inner Mongolia and North and North-Eastern China giving a Full Overview of the Gobi Deserts. Clearly visible details of geographical features such as mountain ranges, rivers, valleys and lakes.
Map includes country borders, name and location details of Cities and Villages (clearly visible).
Mouse over Image to Reveal more information and follow the flow and path of the yellow river from Xining in Qinghai Province to the Bohai Sea. Details of old / former Yellow River flow (south of new) and new trajectory to the Bohai Sea.
well-preserved 30 meter hollow brick tower standing on the that of the cliff. The view on offer is the internationally famous sight of the Yellow River flowing beneath the Wenbiling Xiao (Protecting the Water Tower) on Dongshan Hill outside Pianguan Pass.
The Town of Pian Guan is nearby adjoining Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the North and Pian Guan is the historic border between two wildly different civilizations. The Pian Guan Fortress was the Main Zhen (=Garrison) in the Region and therefor the Pian Guan Garrison was in control of the section between the Yellow River and Baiyang Mountain. To the North of Pian Guan the Great Wall trods back
Schematic Map depicting the multiple layers of the Great Wall of circling Beijing, then continuing into North Shanxi Province, passed YanMenGuan at Datong to PianGuan in the North-West Of Shanxi where it terminates at the Yellow River.The Great Wall continues westward through Shaanxi,Ningxia and Gansu Provinces.
North-Eastward following the Yellow River. This is the location of Wanjiazhai where only earthen remains of the wall run right along the banks of the great Yellow River. One Lone Beacon Tower and Relics of an ancient village stand on a ridge above the river, including an outdoor Opera theater, a small temple and a beautiful, old gnarled tree in a central courtyard. As has been the case for centuries now long past, small patches of farmland lie in immediate the surroundings using the fertile soil left by the everchanging flow of the now somewhat reduced mighty river. Newer developments include the Wanjiazhai Dam, which smooths out the rush of the river into a gentle and surprisingly clear stream.
China Report - Map of the Great Wall during the Ming Dynasty
Satellite image of China and North-East Asia, with a super-imposed schematic Map of the location and Path of the Great Wall as constructed during the Reign of the Ming Dynasty. Included for reference are City names, geographical features of landscape, Names and locations of Passes on the Great Wall of China.
outside the Village and are located in Pianguan County. Pianguan lies at the foot of Guancen Mountain which extends to the east, West of Pianguan lie the surging waters of the Yellow River.
Pian Guan Great Wall Pass as depicted on Stamp from Series of 4 (Jiumenkou, Niangzi Pass, Pian Guan Pass and Bianjing Tower.
In history, the pass had been the focus of imperial rulers due to its strategic significance. The Pass being essential in the Defense of Shanxi and thus in turn the Capital at Beijing.