The Beginning - The First Period of the Ming Dynasty
Life December 5, 1337 - July 13, 1402 AD; Death by Suicide, other sources hold that the Emperor disappeared never to be seen again. Folk Tales how the Emperor disguised himself to flee abroad or how he slipped away dressed as a Monk.
Reign June 30, 1398 - July 13, 1402 AD ; Reign Period: Jianwen (建文)
Zhu (朱) Yunwen , Name as Emperor GongMin (- other sources say no Title as Emperor was given).
Zhu (朱) QiZhen , Name as Emperor YingZong (Return of the Emperor)
Eldest son of Zhu Zhanji Emperor XuanDe. As tthe heir apparent named Crown Prince when his father became Emperor. Now returned to the Throne after being a hostage of the Wala Tribe and eliminating the Daizong Emperor.
Achievements: The TianShun Reign of the Ming Dynasty After the Míng army defeat at Battle of Tumu and later raids by the Mongols united under a new leader, Altan Khan, the Ming re-adopted an old strategy for dealing with invading tribes, a giant impregnable wall. As a result great reparations and strenghtenings of the Great Wall of China were undertaken.
The Reign of Zhu Di ended in July 1424 AD, when he died on one of his northern expeditions. His body would be carried back to the Capital Beijing, to be enshrined in the Emperors' magnificent Mausoleum, Chang Ling, in a valley chosen for this purpose by the Emperor himself. This valley has since become the resting place of almost all following Ming Emperors. Known as the
Link: Satellite Image with Schematic of the Location and path of the Great Wall of China during the Ming Dynasty. Passes on the Great Wall included.
An overview of the Imperial Palace at Beijing,
constructed during the 3rd Reign of the Ming Dynasty when the Capital was moved to Beijing. It remains the largest preserved collection of wooden buildings in the world.
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Chronologic Timeline of Ming Emperors 1368 AD - 1644 AD ; Descendancy of the Ming House explained.
Imperial Ming-styled Dragon Logo, symbolising the Emperor, his might, longevity of Reign and prosperity. During the early Ming Dynasty China was the most influential trade nation and most important military power in East and South-East Asia.
This page was last updated on: May 23, 2017
The Giant Statue of Zhu Di Emperor Yongle, 3rd Emperor of the Ming Dynasty at his Mausoleum, Chang Ling, outside Beijing.
The reinforced protection of the JiaYu Pass and the established Fortress would prove not enough, however. During the Reign of the ZhengDe Emperor of the Ming Dynasty war broke out with forces from the City of Turpan, now a part of Xinjiang-Uygur Autonomous Region. During this Era the opposition from Turpan was strong and the JiaYuGuan Fortress, a remote outpost, was repeatedly conquered and JiaYuGuan City pillaged. It took a 160+ years until 1539 AD before the full defenses of the Pass were complete with the addition of the Suspended Arm Great Wall of China, after which no more invasions occured through the JiaYu Pass.
Qing tried to assasinate the self-appointed Emperor Zhu Di. His attempt however failed miserably and Jing Qing and his entire family met with disaster. In this ruthless way, dubbed by himself "The uprooting of the creeping Vine", Zhu Di became a notorious ruler, feared by many. Strong leader, often leading his troops out in the field and the vast northern areas , ... Zhangjiakou / Kalgan, Datong. Thoroughly trained in the martial arts, led no less than five military campaigns in the in the North against remnants of the mongol Yuan Dynasty. During the reign of the Emperors
Yuanzhang the Hongwu Emperor, the Confucian scholar gentry, marginalized under the Yuan for nearly a century and mistrusted and suppressed by the first Emperor, once again assumed their predominant role in running the empire. Among things the strong confucian influence at court has been reflected in the layout and architecture of one of the Ming's finest Monuments, the MingDynasty Mausoleum Valley outside being. Some of the best preserved examples of confucian stone sculpting can be found flanking the spirit way, and adorning the White Marble LingXing Gate, both on the route leading to the heart of the Valley.
The confucianists set in motion a campaign of repression against other religions, marginilising them. As a natural counter-policy the religious lobbies alligned themselves with the confucianists' enemies, among which the commercial lobbies. Thus interests of the commercial lobbies and those of the religious lobbies
were linked. Both groups were working against the interests of the neo-Confucian sensibilities of the scholarly elite. Religious lobbies encouraged commercialism and exploration, which benefited commercial interests. However they did this not so much of interest for the explorations, but mainly in order to divert state funds, which could then not become available from the anti-clerical efforts of the Confucian scholar gentry.
Achievements : The Yongle reign of the Ming Dynasty had its achievements. Revision of the City of Beijing, who's monuments still stand as a tribute to the vision of the early Ming Dynasty.
Zheng He tribute- and peace-missions, reaching the Coast of East Africa, establishing new Trade Routes, making available new spices and goods and stimulating new maritime inventions.
Grand restorations of the Great Wall of China after thoroughly establishing Capital at the now expanded city of Beijing. Compiling "The great encyclopedia of the Reign of Yongle", the first and most comprehensive encyclopedia in Chinese History.
Water conservation projects, encouraged agriculture and stimulated the handicrafts industry. The entire Chinese canal system was reviewed and reconstructed between 1411 and 1415 during the reign of Zhu Di, the Yongle Emperor. The resulting Grand Canal of China would connect the Capital of Beijing with the City of Huangzhou in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, creating the longest artificial river in world history.
Ming Tombs and Valley, the Ming Mausolea are today a
United Nations World Heritage Site, home to some
unique examples of early Chinese architecture and stone masonry.
Death & Succession : Zhu Gaochi, as eldest Son of the
mighty Zhu Di, had two brothers, Zhu Gaoxu and Zhu
Gaosui. During and early period of Zhu Di (Yongle)'s
reign there had been some argument about the position
of Zhu Gaochi and his title of Crown Prince. It is said that
during this period the Yongle Emperor favored his other
two Sons over the eldest Son, Zhu Gaochi, and
pondered to give one of
them the Title of Crown Prince. However, when faced
with intrigue, growing factionalism and a blatant attempt
at pursuasion by the two ambitious brothers ,the Yongle
Emperor abandoned his doubts about his succession and Zhu Gaochi remained Crown Prince. When in 1424 AD Zhu Di Emperor Yongle died, his eldest Son Zhu Gaochi thus succeeded to the Dragon Throne.
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