This page was last updated on: June 6, 2017
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Imperial Palace - Forbidden City
This Map clearly show the lay-out of Beijing as an Imperial Capital City, much as it was during the later Qing-Dynasty. The city Lay-out was originally re-designed under 3rd Ming Emperor Zhu Di (Yongle) for the purpose of his relocation of the Capital from Nanjing to Beijing (1402 AD). Since then the City plan remained in essence unchanged until the Xuanwu- and Chongwen-Districts were included and protected by their own defensive walls.
Only after the year of the Declaration of The Peoples Republic of China, 1949, other changes to the City have been made. The most important of these are the construction of TiananMen Square with Major changes to the Area widening Chang An Avenue, and most importantly the demolition of large parts of the City Walls making way for the 2nd Ring Road (1950's).
Clearly designated on this Map from the year 1936 are the Feng Shui-important Central City Axis with from South to North : YongDingMen , QianMen , TiananMen, WuMen, The Dragon Throne (inside TaiHeDian), Coal Hill and Drum- and Bell-Towers. All other former Gates and a
Introduction to Map Lay-out Ancient Imperial City in 1936
Bridge over The Grand Canal & Moat
Mouse over Image to reveal Grand Canal Flow and City Moat Details
Designates Central Axis of Imperial City Plan.
BeiHai Park's - Jade Island
Lama Temple - YongHe Gong
Temple of Heaven & Park
QianMen = Front Gate Inner City
Tian An Men (Gate of Heavenly Peace)
Drum Tower and Bell Tower
Go to webring
Jing Shan Imperial Garden (now a Public Park)
Altar of the Earth
Chongwen Men (Now Demolished)
Temple of Confucius
Hall of Classics (Imperial College)
Dong Bian Men (DongNan Jiao Lou)Now Red Gate)
Altar of Agriculture (No Remains)
Wu Men - 5 Phoenix Tower
Nan Hsi Men
Yun Ting Men (Now Yongding Men - Restored 2004 AD)
Chiang Tso Men
Sha KÓu Men - Sha Bridge Gate -Guan' Qu Men
He Ping Men (Now Demolished)
Shun Chi Men (XuanuMen - Demolished)
Hsi Pien Men (Demolished)
P'Ing Tse Men (excavated remains)
Altar of the Moon
Altar of the Sun
Rice Paddies
Palace of Prince Ch'Un
Designates Imperial Family Mansion.
Yin Tai Palace (Prison Emperor Guanxu)
Hsi Chi Men (Xi Zhi Men)
De Sheng Men (Now a RingRoad Overpass + Road to Changping and Badaling)
An Ding Men (Preserved)
Tung Chi Men (TodayDong Zhi Men)
Chi Hua Men (Today Chao Yang Men)
Observatory on City Wall Platform
Elephant Stables
Hsi Tan Chi ChÁng - Market
Pei Ta
Hsi Tan Chi ChÁng - Market
Designates Various Chinese Imperial & Government Structures and Buildings.
Main Menu Page to all Parts of the Forbidden City
Northern Mansion (Pei Fu) - Palace of Prince Chun
Department Home Affairs 1st Republic of China
Northern Mansion - Palace of Prince Chuang
Former Peking University (1903 AD)
Imperial Gardens , later Zoo at
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Guang 'An Men (Demolished)
HanLin Academy 1860-1900 AD(Zhengyi Road North Section)
Carriage Park of the Imperial City & Palace
number of ancient landmarks & temples marked. Mouse over Image to reveal former flow of The Grand Canal. Click sections of map to highlight individual city districts of XiCheng (West, DongCheng (East), and southern Chongwen (South-East) and Xuanwu (South-West) with The Imperial Palace (Forbidden) City in the Center.
XiCheng and DongCheng were part of the Inner City, the Southern Districts were considered outside the Imperial Capital City proper, as they lay south of Qian Men, the Front Gate. Both Chongwen and Xuanwu were later brought inside the protection of a City Wall, and Moat, however.

Xu Wan Fu = Prince Xu TÚng Residencial Palace Mansion
Gong Wan Fu = Prince Gong Residential Palace Mansion
Fu Wan Fu = Prince Fu Residential Palace Mansion
?? Wan Fu = Prince ?? Residential Palace Mansion
Altar of Land & Grain or Square Altar
This page was last updated on: June 6, 2017
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