The Manchu Ethnic Minority in Jilin Province :
The Mongolian Ethnic Minority in Jilin Province :
This page was last updated on: August 19, 2013
Ethnic Groups / Ethnic Minorities in Jilin Province :
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Heaven Lake - Paektu-San Volcanic Lake (2194 Meters)
Wonsan, North Korea
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IngDing Mountain (1283 Meters)
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Dunhua, Dunhua County, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Jilin Province, China (P.R.C.).
Antu, Antu County, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Jilin Province, China (P.R.C.).
Yanji, Yanji County, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Jilin Province, China (P.R.C.).
Tumen (Border City), Tumen County, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Jilin Province, China (P.R.C.).
Hunchun (Border City), Hunchun County, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Jilin Province, China (P.R.C.).
Fangchuan (Border City), Hunchun County, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Jilin Province, China (P.R.C.).
Yanbian Korean
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Heaven Lake
Songhua Lake
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Ji'An (Border City)
ManP'O, North Korea
Yalu River
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Dandong, Liaoning Province, China (PRC)
Khasan. Primorsky Krai, Russian Federation
Kimch'aek, North Korea
Ch'ongJin, North Korea
ZengFeng Mountain (1675 Meters)
Hyesan (Border City), Ryanggang Province, North Korea (D.P.R.K.).
Songhua River
Yinma River
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Yitong River
Muchon Naval Base, North Korea
Humnung, North Korea
Hamhung, North Korea
Sup'Ung Reservoir
LinJiang (Border City)
Sea of Japan
Longgang Mountains (??? Meters)
Among the various different ethnic groups that live in the province are first and foremost Han Chinese majority, all immigrants from the Central Chinese Plains. Then there are Ethnic Minority groups of the Hui, Mongols or Mongolians, the large Ethnic Group of the Koreans and last a small group of Xibe and Manchu. In Total there members of no less than 49 of China's 56 Ethnic Minority Groups registered as citizens of Jilin Province, a multi-ethnic province.
All ethnic groups combined provide a total population of 27.085 million, some scattered but many residing in their own distinct ethnic communities recognized by the Provincial and National Government.
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Eastern Corner of Jilin Province, which is home to the largest concentration of Ethnic Koreans outside of North- and South-Korea. Sometimes referred to as the Third Korea, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture stretches out along the Tumen River and the
North-Korean Border, has bilingual signs and scenes, is home to some 1.7 million Ethnic Koreans and is counted as one of the Cultural Highlights of the Province. Although rarely visible, the North Korean refugees in North China often pass through Yanbian Prefecture, and the views of the Tumen-Namyang Railway Bridge are among the worlds notorious news scenes.
Yanbian Prefecture cannot be missed when on a cultural tour of Jilin !
Manp'o, North Korea
Vladivostok, Russia
Nakhodka, Russia
Kimch'aek, North Korea
Hamhung, North Korea
PyongYang, North Korea
Yongbion, North Korea
Dandong,Liaoning Province, China (PRC)
Hyesan,Jilin Province, China (PRC)
Khasan,Primorsky Krai, Russia
Shenyang,Liaoning Province, China (PRC)
Wonsan, North Korea
Tumen (Border City),Jilin Province, China (PRC)
Najin, North Korea
Ch'ongJin, North Korea
Musan (near Border), North Korea
Ji'An,Jilin Province, China (PRC)
Dunhua, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Jilin Province, China (PRC)
Seoul, South Korea
Musan, South Korea
Kaesong, North Korea
Pusan, South Korea
Hunchun (Border City),Jilin Province, China (PRC)
Siping,Jilin Province, China (PRC)
ChangChun,Jilin Province, China (PRC)
A Satellite Image of the Korean Peninsula and Parts of China's North-Eastern Liaoning and Jilin Provinces giving a rough idea of local borders and towns.
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Kunsan, South Korea
Baicheng, Jilin Province
Although the Mongolians are among the largest Ethnic Groups in China, who are scattered throughout the North and North-Eastern Provinces, there are some especially noteworthy Mongolian Cultural Events to witness in West Jilin Province !

A First concentration of Ethnic Mongolians can be found in and around the City of ....

For More Details on Ethnic Mongolian Autonomous Regions, Prefectures and Townships - Click Here !
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The Manchu are the second largest Ethnic Minority Group in China after the Mongolians. The Manchu People mainly reside in the North-Eastern Regions of China, in the past collectively known as Manchuria.
The main concentrations of Manchu are found in the Capital City of Liaoning Province at Shenyang. The Manchu are however widely scattered throughout North-East China and live in several autonomous districts in Jilin Province (Siping Prefecture and Yitong Manchu Autonomous County), in Hebei Province and Liaoning Province.
According to the Year 2000 AD National Census there were 5.813.900 Manchu living within Chinese Borders.

The First Manchu Ethnic Community in Jilin Province can be found near Siping, a industrial- and railway-city located in the south of the Songliao Plain in south-west Jilin along the South-Manchurian railway line. The City lies about halfway between Shenyang and Changchun, the Capital of the Province.

The City of Siping has 2.8 million citizens and is a key material distribution center and a confluence of railroads radiating in all directions in northeastern China. As an important railway crossing in Manchuria the City was hotly contested by China, the Japanese and the Russians in the Colonial Age and World War II.
Located at some distance of Siping in southeastern Lishu County, the ancient town  of Yehe is a well-known tourist spot and the native Home of the Manchu Ethnic Group.
In fact: according to folk tales, Yehe, which in Manchu Language means "the sun by the riverside", is the very place where the Manchu ethnic group originated. The renovated town of Yehe is positioned on a hill overlooking Zhuanshan Lake of eastern Yehe. The village is surrounded by water on all sides, and the hill and the lake enhance each other's beauty.
Buildings inside the town of Yehe are arranged according to the terrain and decorated with exquisite carvings, showing the cultural features of the Manchu's. To find out more about the folk customs of the Manchu and/or their remaining Culture, a visit to the village of Yehe is a good way to start. The enchanting atmosphere and surroundings of the small village make for an excellent, somewhat idyllic getaway from the Industrial Cities of the North.
Explore the surrounding lands, enjoy manchu song and dance and immerse yourself in the history and customs of the Manchu Ethnic Group while enjoying the City Scenes.

The Second worthwhile Manchu Ethnic Community in Jilin Province can be found nearby Siping at Yitong County. The Manchu Autonomous County of Yitong (伊通满族自治县; Pinyin: Yītōng mǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn, Manchu: Itung Manju Zijysiyan) is an administrative subdivision of the Province of Jilin in China. It is placed under the jurisdiction of the city-prefecture of Siping and is located at quite some distance to the North-East of Siping City. Yitong Town, the Capital of the Manchu Autonomous County can be reached from Changchun by highway or Train.
The population of the county was of: 473842 inhabitants in 1999 AD, among which a high percentage of Ethnic Manchu. No recent numbers are available.
For those visiting especially for the Manchu Minority, a tour of the local Yitong Manchu Folk Custom Museum is a must !
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Yitong , Capital of Yitong Manchu Autonomous County
The Korean ethnic group lives mainly in the cities of Yanbian Korean Prefecture, Jilin City, Tonghua and Baishan; the Mongolian ethnic group and Xibe (or Xibo), in Baicheng and SongYuan; the Manchu and Hui, in Changchun, Jilin, Tonghua and Siping. Apart from these larger communities there a further 33 townships and towns under local administration by the minorities inside of Jilin Province.
The Korean Ethnic Minority in Jilin Province :
Traditionally, as cross-border migrants from the Korean Peninsula, the Korean Ethnic Group mainly resides in Inner-Mongolia Autonomous Region, Heilongjiang Province, Liaoning Province and Jilin Province of China. They have their own Korean Ethnic Autonomous Prefecture in the extreme North-
The Third and last worthwhile Ethnic Community to visit in Jilin Province is Qianguo’erluosi Mongolian Autonomous County, the home of the Eluosi in Jilin Province.

Ethnic Manchu Autonomous Regions, Prefectures and Townships - Click Here !
Map of Languages & Distirbution in China !
A Full and complete Map of China (PRC) identifying all Language Areas big and small in all Provinces and Autonomous Regions of China.
Map includes Turkic Languages (Uygur, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Salar & Uzbek), Mongolian Language and Sub-Divisions (Mongol, Tu, Daur and Dongxian), Tungusic Peoples (Oroqen, Evenki and Xibe) and Languages, Korean, Tajik (Tadzhik), Mon-Khmer (Kawa + Puman (or Pulang)), Hui, Uygur (Uighur), Tibeto-Bhurman Languages, Tai and Miao, Yao and She' Language Area's and Borders. Main Area's and sub-divisions of Han Languages (Northern Mandarin, Eastern Mandarin, South-Western Mandarin and Cantonese) further included. This color-coded ethno-linguistic Map (of 1967 AD) identifies at a glance most ethnic minority regions in China
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This page was last updated on: August 19, 2013
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