This page was last updated on: June 26, 2017
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During the Ming Dynasty, the Palace of Heavenly Puriry was the place from where the Emperor would handle and administer State Affairs and it contained his bed chamber as well.

Before and during the reign of Emperor Kangxi of the Ching Dynasty, the Palace of Heavenly Purity was the Residential Palace of the Emperor, and the place where the Emperors both lived and handled State Affairs.
Third Ching Emperor Yongzheng and his successors would prefer the nearby Palace of the Cultivation of the Mind (YangXin Dian) for living, but would still read official memorandums and reports at the Qian Qing Gong. They would also receive visitors and Foreign Dignitaries at this Palace.
Before Court sessions, the Courtiers, Ministers and Generals would await outside the Palace for the Emperor to make his appearance.

Hanging on the Wall in the Center of the Hall above the Throne is a Plaque with the inscription "To Be Fair and Open". This plaque was handwritten by the Emperor Shunzhi himself.
A practice invented by Emperor Kangxi the Imperial Edict on the succession to the Throne would secretly be hidden behind this Plaque. Yongzhen perfected the new ritual by adding a second "ballot", son his own trick of tempering with the succession-ballot and usurping the Throne could not be repeated.
The succeeding Qianlong and JiaJing Emperors used the same method to appoint their successors.
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The Imperial Palace Museum
- Inner Court (Nei Ting) -
Palace of Heavenly Purity (Qian Qing Dian)
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The I-Shaped base of the Wall Screen facing the Hall of Heavenly Purity is faced with expensive glazed tiles of exquisit design.
The courtyard and the white marble balustrades of the ramp leading to the Gate of Heavenly Purity with behind it clearly visible the roof of BaoHe Dian, the last ceremonial Throne Hall of the Outer Court.
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The Palace of Heavenly Purity, part of the inner court, is the Palace where last Emperor Pu Yi lived and slept in his early and first years at the Imperial Palace (1908-1911 AD). Pu Yi would go to school at a palace just south-east of here, the Yu Ching Gong - Palace of Cultivation of Happiness, which was renamed Palace of bringing-forth of blessings just for the occassion. Here Pu Yi would receive tutelage first from the old manchu courtier Chen Pao-Shen and later, between 1919 and 1925, education in western knowledge and custom from the British colonial official (later Sir) Reginal Flemming Johnston, as so well portrayed in the movie. In all Emperor would have 5 Imperial Tutors of which Johnston and Pao-Shen proved the most influential on the Emperor's life. Chen Pao-Shen would always be the Grand Tutor.
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The I-Shaped base of the Wall Screen facing the Hall of Heavenly Purity is faced with expensive glazed tiles of exquisit design.
In the order of importance in the Imperial Palace the Palace of Heavenly Purity ranks second only to the Hall of Supreme Harmony, which is why its roofs are lined not with the full 10 ceremonial animals but only. The adjacent Hall of Earthly Peace, the dwelling of the Empress is yet slightly lower in rank, its roofs being decoarted with only 7 ornamental animals.
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Old birds eye view photo of the Palace Museum revealing the Central Line and its main structures. The last one these is the Gate of Divine Military Might.
A much lesser known fact about this Palace Complex of the Forbidden City is that many tea parties, of the many held in the Forbidden City took place at the Hall of Literary Flowers (Wen Hua Dian, the Hall of Literary Glory). Other of these abundant tea parties were held in other parts of the Palace, such as at the Chonghua Palace (the Hall of Double Glory) or the Hall of Heavenly Purity (Qian Qing Dian) of the Palace of Heavenly Purity (Qian Qing Gong) in the Inner Court.
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This page was last updated on: June 26, 2017
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4 Rural Districts
1) Three Central Palaces (1) Palace Of Heavenly Purity
2) Three Central Palaces (2) Hall of Union
3) Three Central Palaces (3) Palace of Earthly Tranquillity
*) Satellite Image Overview Map of the Palace Museum