Jing Shan Park
Passing into the Jingshan Park through its Main Gate at the South End of the Park is as entering into a different world. Leaving the bustling Car- and Bus-noises behind, ones mood is immediatly transformed by the Traditional Architecture within the Park as well as by its abundant greenery.
This page was last updated on: January 25, 2014
Entering the Park
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Jingshan Park, a Walk over the Coal Hill
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Study the Map and get your bearings for a Hike around or dwell the Peony and Rose Gardens of the Park and explore the Splendid Gates and Architecture. To the West one can walk around underneath and then around the Jingshan, or walk up along its western Ridge to reach the Top with its magnificient scenic view.
The Park covers 23 hectares and started its History as part of the Imperial Palace of the 13th Century Yuan Dynasty (Mongol Kublais). In fact the Jingshan is a pile of the Yuan Palaces debris left after the Yongle Emperor ordered it to be raised. The Yuan Dynasty Palace stood North of the current Palace and extended to the West. Remnants of it can still be found at adjacent Beihai Park, where the so called Round or Rounded City is a part of the Yuan Dynasty Palace of Khanbalik, the mongol name of their Capital.
Perhaps it is owing to the fierce nature and reputation of the Mongols that when the Han Ming Dynasty had conquered their Throne, they decided to construct Jingshan, which can be seen as a Feng Shui barrier between the remnants of the Old Mongol Palace and the new Han Imperial Palace.
Time Line in order of Appearance with Backgrounds
In the Place of the Yuan Dynasty Palace the Ming built their own Grandiose Forbidden
QiWang Tower with WanChun Pavillion on Top of Prospect Hill in the Background.
The South of the Park Gate with Tourist Groups entering.
Map of Jingshan Park
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After 1644 AD, when the Manchu's established their Ching (Qing) Dynasty over China, the Jingshan continued to serve as an Imperial Pleasure Garden inside the Imperial City, the City surrounding the Purple Palace.
Later at the end of the Qing Dynasty and birth of the Republic in 1911
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Traditional Chinese Pavillon, Xinjiang, China
Traditional Chinese Pavillon, Xinjiang, China Photographic Print
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From the South Gate onward there are a number of possible directions. Jingshan Park is a symetrically layed down Park, which means that one can either turn right or Left.
The Locust Tree where Emperor Chong Zhen ended his Career is to the right, as explained earlier. Beyond is a Flower Garden and the ancient Gates of what is now the Childrens Palace.
For a Perfect View, of the Forbidden City (Gugong) one must get up Prospect Hill.
There is a pathway leading uphill at both East and West-sides. For the fastest way to the Top take the Path directly
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List of the Chinese Dynasties in order of appearance
The Wooden Arch-way of the Entrance in classical Ming style with a delicately painted interior.
Once inside the traditional Gate with its colorful and delicate paintings directions go West and East. Whenever the season is warm, this is usually a gathering spot for many visitors and the large square gives great opportunity to Beijing's now somewhat Famous "Water Writers". These caligraphers, who write their works in water make grateful use of the large square inside and are now a regular feature in Spring and Summers.

On the flankside of the first tourist shop a few meters to the Right of the South Gate hangs a Tourist Map and a
Brief Introduction to the Jingshan Park. This Map is the same Map that appears on the backside of the entrance ticket. The introduction is only short and has far less information than these report pages. Nevertheless, they help one on the way to enjoying the best of the Park.
As described on the Wall the Park does have a somewhat Flamboyant History indeed.
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Empty Square and a Peaceful Qiwang Tower Pavilion underneath Jingshan Ridge on a Cold Novembers Day in 2002.
Placed directly across from the Southern Gate and at the foot of the Prospect Hill we find QiWang Tower. The tower, built in a richly decorated Ming-style with a somewhat unusual architecture is now a tea-house for weary visitors and Tourists. The Tea House is historic as it was built in 1750 AD, during the Qianlong Period of the Qing Dynasty.
The Tea House is 2 storied and 15 meters high by 20 meters wide. Its spacious interior of 1000 square meters once held a Memorial Tablet to Confucius which has been lost. In all a visit is an excellent opportunity for visitors who just left The Forbidden City and need to regain their strenghts. A long and steep climb is ahead for the Best views of the Imperial Palace Museum.
Head due East from the South Entrance and wind up at the "Hanging Tree", today somewhat of a memorial place to the Last Ming Emperor who committed suicide inside the Park.
When in 1644 AD the Manchu house from North Eastern China lead a succesful Revolt
City, during the building of which (1403-1420 AD) under the Yongle Emperor of the Ming Dynasty no cost was spared and the Jingshan created according to Feng Shui requirements.
Introductory Plaquette of the QiWang Tower with background information.
against the Imperial Ming and Beijing finally fell to their onslaught, it was in this Park that the Last Ming Emperor took refuge in despair.
Being unable to bare the thought of the Manchu's burning his precious Palace to the ground, Emperor Chong Zhen (or Chun
Cheng )  killed his own Family, then ended the Ming Dynasty by hanging himself from a Tree. The Tree can be found to the Right of the South Gate, all the way through to the South-East corner of the Park where the ridge ends. Mind you, the Tree is not the Original Tree as too many years have gone by since. The Palace was not burned and served for another 367 years.
The QiWang Tower Pavilion with vistors with Jingshan's Main Wanchun Pavilion under renovations in May 2006.
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AD the Park was turned into a Public Park, finally opening it to the common citizens of Beijing.
It has been a Public Park eversince.
The QiWang Tower amidst the Green.
Peony bushes surrounding the QiWang Tower in May 2006.
On December the 12Th of 1936 AD, students of all Beijing Universities and Middle Schools took to the Streets protesting the refusal of the KuoMingTang National Government in Nanking to operate on a National Front in War against the Japanese. They had arranged to gather at Shenwu Men and Jingshan Park.
Marching in in colums from both East and West they attempted to gather at the Park. They were however brutally repelled by the KuoMinTang (fascist) Secret Police and many were killed, wounded and arrested. This however by no means stopped the sentiments against the Japanese, nor the inevitable choice the Generalissimo would
have to take. Defend China or go down with it with the Chinese wringing his neck.
right and behind the QiWang Tower, leading directly up Prospect Hill to the right-and-middle Pavilion, the Wan Chun Ting.
To the Tree at the End of Chonzhen's Road
Water Calligraphy in Temple of Heaven, Beijing, China
Water Calligraphy in Temple of Heaven, Beijing, China Photographic Print
Laskowitz, Ray

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This page was last updated on: January 25, 2014
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1) Directions to Jingshan, Introduction & South Entrance
2) Entering the Park - Qiwang Pavilion
3) Jingshan East Flank
4) Jingshan Top - Wanchun Look out Pavilion
5) Jingshan West Flank
6) Chongzhen Emperor Hanging Tree
7) Park Gardens
8) Palace of Imperial Longevity (Shou Huang Dian)