Garden Benevolence
Palace o/t
<= Empress-Dowager
HQ Guards
East Gate
North Gate
#305 =>
This Satellite Image shows an overview of Zhong Hai and Nanhai Lakes, once a part of the Imperial Palace (Forbidden City) next door. Zhongnanhai Compound is an exclusive security Zone since 1949 AD reserved as the Chinese Communist Party Leadership compound Zhongnanhai. The compound was ready after renovations in 1950 AD to become the Home and Headquarters of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party and their families.

Lay-out of Zhongnanhai :
Not much is known about the secretive Zhongnanhai Complex.
1) The most obvious is the South Main Gate stands along Xi (West) Chang An Avenue, is known as the Xinhua Men or Gate of New China, referring to the 1949 AD Declaration of the New Chinese Peoples Republic.
2) Famous as one of the Prisons for the troubled Guanxu Emperor during his captivity in the hands of the Empress-Dowager Cixi, Yingtai Island is found in the South of the Complex.
3) Third in importance is the so-called Building #202, which is where Mao Zedong lived in the last months of his Life and where he died on September 9Th, 1976 AD.
4) The Residence of Mao Zedong's hated wife Jiang Qing can be found as the Chamber of the Spring Lotus, although during the 1960's she had moved away to Diaoyutai, an elite guest compound just North of Zhongnanhai inside Beihai Park. Jiang Qing returned to the Chamber o/t Spring Lotus in june 1976 AD upon Mao's impending death. The Chamber of the Spring Lotus is a part of the former Palace Complex of the Empress-Dowager Cixi at Zhongnanhai.
5) Zhou Enlai's official Residence as Premier of China was the Hall of the Western Flower, in the extreme North-West corner of the Zhongnanhai Complex.
6) The buildings in the South-East corner of the complex, on the shores of Nanhai Lake were historically constructed as the private but grandiose Opera Theatre of the Empress-Dowager Cixi (in her final years in power).
7) Located just across Wenjin Jie', north of Zhongnanhai proper and just West of the South-West Gate into Beihai (Public) Park stands the #305 Hospital Building which services of all of Zhongnanhai and the highest Communist Party Cadres. According to Dr. Li Zhousui, the hospital building gives access to the 'May the 19Th 1969 Project' better understood as the secret underground tunnel complex of Beijing (I.e. not to be mistaken with the separate 'Beijing Underground City' 1960's air raid shelters, NOT connected to one another) in use by the top political leadership and military. Supposedly, underneath hospital building #305 is another clinic, underground, as well as access to the tunnels underneath Zhongnanhai, The Great Hall of the Peoples, Tian'An Men and others.
8) The Taoist Temple of the Thundergod in the East across Beichang Jie' is not currently a part of the Zhongnanhai Complex, but is not open to the Public.
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Introduction to the Satellite Image of Zhong Hai and Nan Hai
Subway Station
Forbidden City West Flowery Gate
To Hall of Military Eminence of Outer Court.
Circular City
XinHua Men =
Gate of New
Beihai Park South-East Gate
To Tian an Men Square
To TiananMen Square and Gate of Heavenly Peace , National Theatre Dome.
To JingShan Park and Forbidden City North Gate
Beihai Park South-West Gate
Palace Moat
Bei Hai
To Xuanwu Men and South Cathedral
( Nan Tang )
FuYou Avenue
Go to webring at
To Main Menu of All Websites at DrBen.Net
North Church
YingTai Island
Historic Backgrounds to Zhongnanhai :
Before ZhongNanhai became the Leadership Residence Compound of the Peoples Republic of China in 1949 AD, it was part of the extended Imperial Palace of the (later) Qing Dynasty. In 1887 AD, during the Reign of Emperor Xian Feng, The Imperial Palace was extended west-ward to include the Zhong Hai and Nan Hai lakes and their Western Banks.
Clearly visible on the Right-hand of the Image (Arrow), the ZhongNanHai Palace Complex connects directly to the Purple Forbidden Cities' West Flowery Gate (Xi Hua Men) / Gate of Western Glory, that gives access to the Hall of Military Eminence (Wu Ying Dian), a part of the Outer Court of the original Ming Dynasty Palace. In the Past there was no north-south seperating road, and one could easily move in and out of the Palace Walls to enjoy the Lake and Parks at ZhongNanHai.

The ZhongNanHai Park and Palaces are historically famous as the first location of imprisonement of the Guanxu Emperor(Reign 1875 AD - 1908 AD officially), folowing the so-called "Reign behind a Curtain". In this short period, after the 1900 AD Boxer War and the Young Emperor's daring 100 Day Reform Movement, the Emperor was imprisoned in his own Palace. First at the Water Terrace Pavilion on YingTai Island in Nanhai Lake, later cemented into his a room on the outskirts of the City at the (new) Summer Palace.
Since 1875 AD it had not been the Emperor who held the reigns of power, it was China's most notorious feudal Lady, Empress-Dowager Hsu-Tzi aka Cixi the Dragon Lady.
Reign behind a Curtain (1983)
Click to Buy and/or get more Info !
Reign behind a Curtain, the 1983 film depicting the Death of Ching Emperor Hsien Feng and the ensuing chaos at the Imperial Court ending in the Rise to Power of Empress-Dowager Hsu Tsi.
Set at the beautiful
Summer Palace , where after the 1890 invasion and burning of the Imperial Palace the Emperor had fled, Reign behind the Curtain takes the viewer back to 19Th century Imperial Days and is an accurate depiction of the Coup D'Etat that brought China's most hated lady to power, as well as a true documentary of now forgotten chinese imperial culture.
#305 Hospital - Main Hospital for Head Bureau o/t Central Committee of the Communist Party - servicing Zhongnanhai
North Gate of Zhongnanhai
Zhongnanhai Clinic (Dr. Li  Zhisui)
Zhongnanhai Mao Zedong Outdoor Swimming Pool
<= #202
#202 Building
<= Mao Outdoor
Hallof the Western Flower; Zhou Enlai prime-Minister Residence
Western Gate of Zhongnanhai
West Gate
Zou =>
Hall of Purple Light (?)
<= Hall of Purple
Guards Bureau - HQ Zhongnanhai Security
HQ Security
<= Building(s)
Garden of Benevolence
<=  Chrysanthymum
Chamber o/t Spring Lotus - Jiang Qing, mao Wife, Residence
Chamber Spring
<= Lotus
Pavilion Fragrant Chrysanthymum
Indoor Swimming Pool (?)
Eastern Gate of Zhongnanhai
Hall of Harmony
<= Watertower
(or Terrace) Pavilion
Watertower Pavilion - Former prison Guangxu Emperor
South Main Gate of Zhongnanhai; Xinhua Men , Gate of New China
HQ Central Guards Garrisson Corps Zhongnanhai (Security)
<= Clinic
Opera Theatre
o/t Empress-
Dowager =>
Temple =>
<= Taoist
o/t rain
Yu Shou Miao - Taoist Temple of the Rain God
Lei Shou Miao - Taoist Temple of the Thunder God
<= o/t Thunder
1st Mongol Emperor
Gate to the Temple o/t 1st Mongol Emperor Kubilai
Beihai Bridge
Wenjin Jie
Click Map to go to Full Version !!
A Schematic Map of Beijings Secretive Zhongnanhai (Park) CP leadership compound just south of Beihai (North Lake) Park.
Browse the Map to view the realm of the highest Communist Party Leadership in China, as it was arranged in the 1960's and 70's when Mao Zedong was the master of the Nation.
Various details such as Gates, Guard Houses, Hospital and Clinic, Mao's swimming pools, Zhou Enlai's official residence and more.

View - Mastermap of Asia (entire). in a larger map
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