City Prefecture of Yulin - 43,578 km2 (16,826 sq miles)
Urban - No Data.
Population: The Total Urban Population of Yulin City Prefecture is around 3,4 million. The population of the urban districts of Yulin stood at 93.700 in the year 2002 and has risen since. There is no further information available on the population distribution between City Urban regions and the rural area's of the City Prefecture.
- Pacifying the North (Zhenbei Tai) Tower; largest platform of the Great Wall of China.
- Hongjiannao Lake: Located in the north of Yulin Prefecture, it is the largest inner land fresh lake in Shaanxi Province, locally duly honored as the 'Shining Pearl in Sand Sea' the sand refering to the ever advancing deserts which are about to swallow large parts of north Shaanxi, Shanxi and even Hebei Provinces.
- Hongshixia (Red Stone Gorge): Located also in the north, it is famous for many ancient Chinese calligraphic works carving on the cliffs.
- Li Zicheng's Temporary Palace: Clinging to a high hill, it was established under the order of Li Zicheng, the Shaanxi Based peasant rebel leader who would eventually break through the Great Wall of China near Beijing and capture the Dragon Throne from the last Emperor of the Ming Dynasty (1368 AD - 1644 AD). Although Li Zicheng was not to survive as the Emperor of China, instead being taken captive by the Manchu Armies who established the Qing Dynasty (1368 AD - 1911 AD), his tale and legend survive through time. As does apparently his "Temporary Palace", a strategicly placed Headquarters from which he built and planned his attack eastward towards the Ming Capital.
- Tongwan City Site: Tongwan City was the capital city of Daxia Kingdom, which was established by a leader of the Huns in the Eastern Jin Dynasty.
A Full listing of Yulin City Landmarks, Monuments, Hotspots and other sites of importance in alphabetical order. Search through the list to find your Full Report and Photo-Virtual Tour of each monument or landmark within the City, or Region of Yulin in Shaanxi Province of China (PRC).
Public Transport in Yulin
YULIN YUJANG NATIONAL LEVEL AIRPORT :
Yulin has air connections with the city of Xi'An the Capital of Shaanxi Province, the city of Baotou in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and Beijing. By 2007 an air connection with the city of Yinchuan in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was opened. Planes fly from Yinchuan to Yulin (and vice versa) every few days.
The Yujang National Airport of Yulin, located due - no information available.
Yulin has a Railroad Station and a National Level Airport. The main railway line connecting to Yulin City is the Xi'An to Baotou railraod. Two National highways pass the city of Yulin.
During the second half of the Ming Dynasty Era (after the devastating Mongolian invasions by the armies of Altan Khan) the Chinese attitude towards the nomadic neighbors was changed dramatically. Where initially, no cross border trade was allowed in fear of aiding the Mongolians in their recovery and return to the battlefield, eventually several "Gates" (Pass Cities) along the Great Wall of China were allowed to be opened. Twice yearly, for a few weeks Mongolians and other nomadic peoples were allowed to exchange their animals for much wanted Chinese goods such as metal implements, ceramics, silks and eventually tea and more.
The massive military watch tower overlooking the "horse Market" which was built to impress the Mongolians of the might and grandeur of the Han Chinese became the largest watch-tower platform built along the length of the Great Wall.
In the early years of the 17th century the impoverished northern regions of the loess plateaux in Shaanxi Province and neighboring territories were swept by a peasant rebellion, the leader of whom, one Li Zicheng, eventually established his headquarters near Yulin City. This former headquarters is today known as the Palace of Li Zicheng, the most important tourist venue, if not magnet, of Mizhi County Town. Although not much mentioned in the impressive 7000 year history of the Chinese Culture and its Dynasties, Li Zicheng, the peasant did go on to take Beijing, and then the Forbidden City proclaiming himself the new Emperor of China, before being swept away in the larger tides of conquest going on in north and east Asia at the time. Taking and losing the Throne in 1644 AD and then being overshadowed by the Manchu who established the Qing Dynasty (1644 AD - 1911 AD), Li Zicheng still finds himself locally and regionally revered, hence the substantial tourist traffic at the former location where he established himself king and planned his conquest of the Dragon Throne.
For those who are interested in his earlier life, and the pains of making a living as a farmer on the loess plateaux may travel further north to Li Zichengs Place of Birth (Li Zichengg Chushengdi), an empty location with a small stele near a nothing village in Dianshi Township upon the dusty hills of Mu Us Desert of the loess plateaux, technically a part of the very rough terrain of Hengshan County of Yulin.
- Shaanxi Yulinye School; in Youjiamiao in west section of City.
ECONOMY OF YULIN:
According to the Chinese Government website China.org.cn 48 kinds of natural resources have been identified within Yulin Prefecture. Among these the most important are coal, oil and natural gas. The Shenfu Coal Field near Yulin has been ranked among the eight largest coal fields in the world. The city also has the largest natural gas field of present day China.
Traditional local products listed are: Handicrafts: paper-cutting, stone sculpture, hand-knitted carpet, willow knitting.
Special local food delicacies Red: red Chinese dates, millet (Sorghum).
Officially the area of Yulin City lies in a warm and semiarid continental monsoon climate zone. That said, it is more accurate to describe Yulin Prefecture as situated in a an arid and mountainous zone which lies
There are no ethnic minority groups or enclaves found within Yulin City Prefecture and virtyually none in Shaanxi Province entire. For all information relating to ethnic nationalities (ethnic minorities in Shaanxi Province please refer to our general introductory page on Shaanxi Province. Click below button.
Huayi International Hotel, Yongchang International Hotel, Yuxing Hotel, Milky Way Hotel.
Yulin City derives its name from the Yuxi river, which flows roughly from north to south through the City. The second river in Yulin City is the Qinghe river which flows into the Yuxi River in the northernmost section of the city.
Yulin is historically renowned for its function as fortified city and garrison station along the Great Wall of
ROADS IN YULIN PREFECTURE :
Yulin is connected to the south of Shaanxi Province via China National Highway No. 210.
MAIN TRAIN STATION OF YULIN AND RAILWAY CONNECTIONS :
The main railway running through Yulin City is the Xibao (Xian - Baotou) railway. Trains travel daily from Xi'An in the south, via Yulin Station to the city of Baotou on the Yellow River in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. For speedy train travel to Yulin, either travel through Baotou in the North or Xi'An (ancient Chang'An) in the south.
Since the year 2001 the City of Yulin is connected to the so called Shenyan Railway, which is an abreviation of Shenmu to Yan'An railroad. This railroad connects the main settlement in the northernmost county of Yulin Prefecture, the scenic town of Shenmu, with Yulin City proper. From Yulin City the line travels further southward to the city of Yan'An where one can connect to various cities in Shaanxi Province and adjacent Provinces. The total length of the "Shenyan Railway" is 382.4 km (238 miles).
In order to get around the prefecture, make use of local railway lines in order to reach each county town from where one can explore by taxi, by bus or on foot.
Within Yulin City and Prefecture one can travel by train to: Baota District Station of Yulin City, Hengshan Town in Hengshan County, Mizhi in Mizhi County, Suide in Suide County, Zizhou in Zizhou County, Qingjian in Qinjian County and Zichang County of Yan'An Prefecture. As mentioned the line also connects to Yan'An City of Yan'an Prefecture to the south.
The Main Railway Station of Yulin, located due west of City Center in Shahe Cun.
China. Later during the Ming Dynasty Era (1368 AD - 1644 AD), when the policy of non-Trade with the nomadic tribes on the other side of the Great Wall of China was altered, Yulin became one of the four important location where a "horse market" was established. Although Yulin city would not become the largest and economically most important of these markets, the city is historically renowned for its "Pacifying the North Tower" which is recognized as the largest (watch-) tower platform found along the entire length of the Great Wall of China.
The local geography of the city of Yulin is determined by the valley of the Yuxi River and surrounding mountains, hence the city is quite elongated and arranged in a north to south direction. Beyond the city, the surrounding regions are neatly divided by the line of the ancient Ming Dynasty Era Great Wall of China found at a distance of around 7 kilometers due north of the city center.
To the north of the Great Wall of China lies the Mongolian Plateuax, which traditionally was the domain of nomadic herders and not a part of Chinese (Han) territory at all. Here lie the southernmost extensions of the steppes and grasslands that were the home of the Mongolian people. Here there are but a few hills and no mountains. On the other hand, to the south of the Great Wall , lies a difficult to navigate and rugged area composed of loess hills, granite walls and often steep ravines. This part of the Prefecture is part of the loess plateux of the Yellow River (Huang He) which extends to the east as well as the south west.
Notably, the southwest of Yulin Prefecture consist of low loess mountains and hills, from where many
Schematic Map of the Flow Path of the Yellow River through China.
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just south of large desert area (the Mu Us Desert, an extension of the much larger Gobi Desert).
As a result, the average year round temperature in Yulin is only about 10C (50F). However, temperatures vary greatly throughout the year. As in all desert area's, the nights are cold partcularly when there is a cloudless sky. Daytime temperatures may sore to unexpected highs.
Winters in Yulin are cold but not as harsh as beyond the Great Wall of China and the territories in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Sand and Dust storms emerging from the lands to the west are the most frequent in spring in the period from March to May. The summers are hot with the rainy season occuring in the months of Juli and August. However, precious little rain falls in Yulin. The region has endured frequent dry spells throughout the 1990's and after the turn of the millenium with devastating effects for local agriculture.
In summer the heat is dry but can become unbearable.
rivers in the city start. In the past, the mountains provided and excellent natural defense upon which to build the fortifications of the Great Wall of China (since the Qin Dynasty Era 221 B.C. - 206 B.C.). The fortifications then served to protect the water sources of the city, as many small rivers supplying the city with fresh water spring from the south-western mountains.
Today's city of Yulin is still a relatively remote and difficult to reach destination within the dry and arid mountainous northern regions of Shaanxi Province. Although the city is popular as a tourist destination, due to its remoteness and relative poverty of the region it has retained much of its ancient and old original charm. As everywhere in China, the ancient architecture is under threat of being overwhelmed by an ongoing construction boom transforming the city skyline and landscape.
Highlights of the city are the remains of its massive city walls, the old courtyard houses of the old city center situated around the old Bell Tower and their various alley's and of course, the Zhenbeitai Tower of the Great Wall of China some 7+ kilometers due north of town in the valley of the Yuxi and Qinghe rivers. In addition a modest assortment of temples welcomes tourists for a visit.
BUS TRAVEL IN YULIN CITY AND PREFECTURE :
The city of Yulin has two Bus Stations designated as North Bus Station and South Bus Station.
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