A Full overview Map of the Eurasian continent showing its various cities and nations in the 19Th Century, the (growing) Colonial possesions throughout Eurasia, North Africa and the Middle-East, and the growth of Colonial enclaves, posessions and protectorates between 1801 AD and 1900 AD.
Essentially, on this Map there are are three main zones of interest:
1) The first zone of interest lies in the South where -after a blockade of the overland trading zones of the Silk Road to and from China- maritime European Nations have embarked on their "Age of Discovery" (early 15th century to early 17th century). Along the southern Route from the West to the East (China) trading post and fortresses are gradually turned into strongholds, bases and colonies or protectorates.
2) The second zone of interest lies in the North. There, expanding Eastward from Russian Territory and the Capital Moscow, the Russian Empire saw its rise as a major power within Eurasia. Continuing throughout the 19Th Century and culminating in the construction of the trans-Siberian railway in the 1890′s, Russia completes its northern encirclement of Qing Dynasty China (1644 AD - 1911 AD).
3) Rising last is the Empire of Japan, which after a rapid industrialization in the early 19Th Century will go on to annex the Island of Formosa, the Qing Dynasty Chinese protectorate of Korea in its entirety and move on to annex most of North-East China (Manchuria).
Noteably: although not included in detail on this Map, this Era also saw the colonialist expansion of the United States of America. At the End of the 19Th Century the United States of America will rise as a Colonial Power entering the theatre via the Phillippines (1898 AD) and Japan.
For full details on Treaty Ports, the year of annexation or forced opening and additional information see below this Map.
The China Report
Map Asia - History - Colonialism : World Colonial Possessions 1912 AD - 1918 AD
Designates Japanese Treaty Ports, Concession.
Designates Russian City or Russian Controlled Territory.
Designates Colonial Possession or Territory in Asia.
Treaty Ports :
So called "Treaty Ports", were sea and later river harbors that were forcably opened under treaties
This page was last updated on: January 29, 2017
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German Colonial City
Portugese Colonial City
French Colonial City
British Colonial City
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Designates British Strongpoint, Colonial City or Territory.
1842 AD Nanking Treaty Ports
1858/60 AD Tianjin Treaty Ports
18595/98 AD etc Tertiary Treaty Ports
China Report - Colonialism - Growth of Colonies & Japan after 1801 AD
A Map drawing of the Eurasian continent , parts of North-East Africa and the Middle East in the 19Th Century between 1801 AD and 1900 AD. Focal points are the expansion of western colonial posessions of Portugal, Britain and France, as well as Russia moving from West to East. Labeled seperately is the later Rise of the Empire of Japan in the East.
Included in this Map are the main cities across the continent with their brief histories and events during the 19Th Century. Marked in Colors for clarity are the various colonial and imperialist Nations. As relating to China; special attention is payed to so called Treaty Ports. The First Treaty Ports were forced open by Britain in the year 1841 AD, but counted over 80 in total by the end of the 19Th Century. The most important Treaty Ports in China are marked and described with a short history where the map allows.