A Full overview Map of the Eurasian continent showing its various cities and nations in the 19Th Century, the (growing) Colonial possesions throughout Eurasia, North Africa and the Middle-East, and the growth of Colonial enclaves, posessions and protectorates between 1801 AD and 1900 AD.
Essentially, on this Map there are are three main zones of interest:
1) The first zone of interest lies in the South where -after a blockade of the overland trading zones of the Silk Road to and from China- maritime European Nations have embarked on their "Age of Discovery" (early 15th century to early 17th century). Along the southern Route from the West to the East (China) trading post and fortresses are gradually turned into strongholds, bases and colonies or protectorates.
2) The second zone of interest lies in the North. There, expanding Eastward from Russian Territory and the Capital Moscow, the Russian Empire saw its rise as a major power within Eurasia. Continuing throughout the 19Th Century and culminating in the construction of the trans-Siberian railway in the 1890′s, Russia completes its northern encirclement of Qing Dynasty China (1644 AD - 1911 AD).
3) Rising last is the Empire of Japan, which after a rapid industrialization in the early 19Th Century will go on to annex the Island of Formosa, the Qing Dynasty Chinese protectorate of Korea in its entirety and move on to annex most of North-East China (Manchuria).
Noteably: although not included in detail on this Map, this Era also saw the colonialist expansion of the United States of America. At the End of the 19Th Century the United States of America will rise as a Colonial Power entering the theatre via the Phillippines (1898 AD) and Japan.

For full details on Treaty Ports, the year of annexation or forced opening and additional information see below this Map.
The China Report
Map Asia - History - Colonialism : World Colonial Possessions 1912 AD - 1918 AD
Omsk,
Yokohama, Japan.
Tianjin, Tiajin City Province, China (P.R.C.)
Designates Japanese Treaty Ports, Concession.
Map of Same Area - Rise of European Colonialism in Asia 17Th Century
Designates Russian City or Russian Controlled Territory.
Designates Colonial Possession or Territory in Asia.
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Treaty Ports :
So called "Treaty Ports", were sea and later river harbors that were forcably opened under treaties
Washington D.C., Capital of the United States of America.
Melbourne, Australia.
Beijing, Capital of China (P.R.C.).
Paris, Capital of France
This page was last updated on: May 26, 2017
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Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (Петропа́вловск-Камча́тский), Khamchatka Krai, Russia - Founded by Danish navigator Vitus Bering, in the service of the Russian Navy. Bering reached Avacha Bay on July 10, 1740 ; During the 1854–1855 Crimean War, the city was put under siege by the Anglo-French forces, but never fell
Qingdao, Shandong Province - in 19Th Centruy: German Treaty Port 18??
German Colonial City
Goa, India - In 19Th Century: Portugese Colony from 1510 AD to 1961 AD.
Portugese Colonial City
Hue, Vietnam -  Then: Hue, French annexed Indo-China
French Colonial City
Hong Kong, S.A.R., P.R.C. - Forced Treaty Port of 1842 AD (First Opium War) leased to England until 1999.
British Colonial City
Singapore, Republic of Singapore. - Founded by Chinese during the 17Th Century. Later main British Colony and Port 1824 AD - 1959 AD.
Bulun, today: Bulunsky Ulus (Russian: Булунский улус; Sakha: Булуҥ улууһа; Buluŋ uluuha), ulus (district) of the Sakha Republic, Russia - in the 19Th Century a renote outpost above the arctic circle populated with ethnic Yakuts (Inuits)
Russian City/Concession
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Malacca, State of Malacca, Malaysia. -  Taken by Portugese Afonso de Albuquerque on August 24, 1511AD.Secured by 1526 AD. Taken by Dutchwho ruled Malacca from 1641 AD to 1798 AD. Ceded to the British in the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 AD. From 1826 to 1946 crown colony of Britian ruled by British East Asia Company.
Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh), formerly: Saigon, Republic of Vietnam. - In 1912 AD Administrative Capital of French annexed Indo-China (Cochin).
Shanghai, City Province, China (P.R.C.)
Fuzhou, Fujian Province, China (P.R.C.).
Hong Kong, S.A.R. , China (P.R.C.)
Bangkok (Krongthep), Capital of Thailand.
Darwin, Australia
Wuhan (Part of which is Hankou), Hubei Province, China (P.R.C.)
Designates British Strongpoint, Colonial City or Territory.
Yinkou formerly Nuizhuang, Liaoning Province, China (P.R.C.). - In the 19Th Century: Niu-Chuan or Niuzhuang, Forced as a Treaty Port under Treaty of Nanking (1858 AD).
Guangzhou (广州) formerly Canton, Guangdong Province, China (P.R.C.) - Guangzhou had emerged in the 18Th century as one of the world's great trading ports under the Thirteen Factories. After the Portugese were the first westerners to gain trading rights several other nations were allowed to join the exclusive trade. No Foreigners were allowed outside the trading settlement until the 1839 AD - 1842 AD (1s) Opium War. British captured Canton on March 18, 1841AD. Guangzhou was forced open to foreign trade under British regulations in 1842 AD and was one of the first 5 Treaty Ports. In the ensuing period it became one of the 3 most important trading cities in the world.
1842 AD Nanking Treaty Ports
1858/60 AD Tianjin Treaty Ports
Qingdao, Shandong Province - in 19Th Centruy: Conceded to Germany in 1898 AD, German Colony known as Kiautschou Bay concession. Taken by Japan in 1914 AD as part of Hositilities in World War I. Awarded to Japan in 1918 AD.
18595/98 AD etc Tertiary Treaty Ports
Japanese City
Hakodate, Empire of Japan
Tokyo, Capital of Japan.
Okhotsk (Russian: Охо́тск), Okhotsky District, Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. -
Map of Same Area - Rise of European Colonialism in Asia 17Th Century
Macau, S.A.R. , China (P.R.C.)
Xiamen (Amoy), Fujian Province, China (P.R.C.)
Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Nội), Republic of Vietnam. - In 1912 AD Northern Capital of French annexed Indo-China (Cochin). Hanoi served as the capital of French Indochina from 1902 AD to 1954 AD.
Shenyang (Mukden), Liaoning Province, China (P.R.C.)
Harbin (Haerbin), Heilongjiang Province, China (P.R.C.)
Qingdao, Shandong Province, China (P.R.C.)
Sydney, Australia.
Brisbane, Australia.
Perth, Australia.
Adelaide, Australia.
Hobard, Tasmania, Australia.
Kyoto, Japan.
Hakodate, Japan.
Aomori (青森市), Japan.
Nagasaki (長崎市), Japan.
Hiroshima (広島市), Japan.
China Report - Colonialism - Growth of Colonies & Japan after 1801 AD
A Map drawing of the Eurasian continent , parts of North-East Africa and the Middle East in the 19Th Century between 1801 AD and 1900 AD. Focal points are the expansion of western colonial posessions of Portugal, Britain and France, as well as  Russia moving from West to East. Labeled seperately is the later Rise of the Empire of Japan in the East.
Included in this Map are the main cities across the continent with their brief histories and events during the 19Th Century. Marked in Colors for clarity are the various colonial and imperialist Nations. As relating to China; special attention is payed to so called Treaty Ports. The First Treaty Ports were forced open by Britain in the year 1841 AD, but counted over 80 in total by the end of the 19Th Century. The most important Treaty Ports in China are marked and described with a short history where the map allows.
Map China and Far East Colonies after 1801 AD
Lhasa, Tibet Autonomosu Region, China (P.R.C.) - In 1913 AD The Tibetan Dali Lama & Religious Government requested the Chinese Qing Dynasty Army to leave the Nation, thereby achieving De Facto Independence (until 19149 AD).
Mainila, Capital of the Philippines
Vladivostok (Russian: Владивосто́к), Primorsky Krai, Russia. - End point of Trans-Siberian Railway since 1898 AD.
Kulja, or Khuldja - Yining, injiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China (P.R.C.) -
Chita, Russia. -
Alexandrovsk, Russia.
Petropavlovsk, Russia.
Yakutsk, Russia.
Irkutsk, Irkutsk Oblast, Russia.
Krasnoyarsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia.
Berezov, Russia. -
Dudinskoe, Russia. -
Archangelsk, Russia. -
St.Petersburg, Russia. -
Nikolaistad, Russia. -
Moscow, Capital of Russia. -
Kazan, Russia. -
Orenburg, Russia. -
Astrakan, Russia. -
Samara, Russia. -
Perm, Russia. -
Yekaterinaburg, Russia. -
Obdorsk, Russia. -
Tomsk, Russia. -
Semipalatinsk, Russia. -
Kazalinsk, Russia. -
Krasnovodsk, Russia. -
Kiev, in Ukraine, Russia. -
Mezen, Russia. -
Odessa, in Ukraine, Russia. -
Khiva, Russia. -
Kolyvan, Russia. -
Tarukhansk, Russia. -
Riga, in Latvia, Russia. -
Tzaritzyn, Russia. -
Ust Kamenogorsk, Russia. -
Yerescisk, Russia. -
Penskina, Russia. -
Seoul, Korea
Khabarovsk, Russia.
Albasin, Russia.
Nerchinsk, Russia.
Nicolaievsk, Russia.
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