This Map clearly show the lay-out of Beiping - The Northern Capital (as Beijing was called at the Time), in 1912 AD, just after the End of the Qing-Dynasty and the 1911 AD Xinghai Revolution that overturned the 2000 Year Old Feudal Tradition. De-throned Emperor Pu Yi still inhabited The Imperial Palace, outside Beijing was modernizing and China was experiencing the industrial Revolution.
XiCheng and DongCheng were part of the Inner City, the Southern Districts were considered outside the Imperial Capital City proper, as they lay south of Qian Men, the Front Gate. Both Chongwen and Xuanwu were brought inside the protection of a City Wall and Moat, during the early Qing Dynasty Years.
Introduction to Map Beijing (Beiping) City & Environs in 1912 AD