JiaYuGuan is one of the Historic Cities of the Silk Road in Western China. Originally an Oasis City between steep mountains, JiaYuGuan lies on the only passable route from East to West in this wide Region. Jia Yu Pass is part of the Western Gobi Desert. To the West lies the dangerous Taklamakan desert, to the North and to the East lies the Gobi Desert. High Mountain Ranges block traffic to the North and South. Through JiaYuGuan leads the road from Chang' An (Xi'An) the ancient Capital of China in Shaanxi Province in the East to the many Oasis Cities in Central Asia and the wild pathways of the Silk Road in the West.
Due to its ever abundant waters welling from Spring Lake JiaYu Pass became a settlement of importance during the earliest days of the development of the Silk Road trading paths famous in history.
Today's JiaYuGuan is a Steel and Heavy Industry City in the extreme western parts of the Gobi Desert, with an awakening tourism industry. Due to its high importance as a conduit of culture and goods, as well as a vital Military Post and stop-over on the Silk Road many monuments and historic relics remain in the vicinity of the small City drawing international visitors. Apart from this, JiaYuGuan can boast an impressive and unique scenery, with its Ming Dynasty Fortress, remnants of the Great Wall of China and stunning sites of the Taolai River Gorge and Extened Arm or Overhanging Great Wall of China. Although at some distance away, the unique views of the Number 71 Glacier on Top of the 5.3 Kilometer high Qilian Shan earned JiaYuGuan the honorary title of the "Most Magnificent Pass Under Heaven" and will impress any first time visitor to this unique Town on China's Silk Road.