Maps of Changji Hui & Prefecture
Economy of Changji :
Changji & City Today :
Local Topography of Changji :
History of Changji:
Changji Climate & Weather :
Changji Basic Knowledge :
Location : 44° 1' 0" North, 87° 19' 0" East.
Elevation : ---- Feet/ ---- Meters.
The timezone in Changji is : Asia / Irkutsk
Surface Area of Changji Autonomous Prefecture (昌吉回族自治州): 7.981 km2 (3,081.5 sq miles).
Urban Surface Area of Changji - No Data.
Population : Changji City counted some 192.000 inhabitants in 1999 AD, which has risen to 198.776 in the year 2010. The City is but slowly growing.
Changji Autonomous Prefecture counted 1  million 322,145 citizens in the year 2000. Which had risen to  1 million 428 thousand 592 in the 2010 Official Census.

Changji City - Changji is a county-level city and the administrative seat of Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture (昌吉回族自治州) in Xinjiang-Uyghur Autonomous Region of The Peoples Republic of China. The City is situated in the Central Northern parts of Xinjiang and located only some 32.2 kilometers due north-west of Urumqi the Capital of Xinjiang-Uyghur Autonomous Region.
Airport: Nearest Urumqi International Airport
Changji Hotels
Find out the Details in the History of Changji
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This page was last updated on: May 29, 2017
The Changji Report
Introduction to Changji (昌吉 ;  سانجى)
Changji Landmarks & Monuments
Ethnic Minorities in Changji City & Prefecture
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Alphabetically ordered list of Monuments, Landmarks and other sites of interest in and around Changji
Changji City has no known worthwhile landmarks. Eventhough it is the home city of the Hui Minority in Xinjiang and situated at a mere 30+ kilometers from the Capital Urumqi, Changji usually goes unmentioned in such major tourist guides as Lonely Planet and Fodors Guide.

The wider territory of the Changji Autonomous Prefecture is most famous for its Bogda Feng, which is the highest peak in the eastern part of the the Tianshan (Heavenly Mountains) Mountain range that runs roughly between Urumqi and China's westernmost City, Kashgar. The snowcapped Bogda Feng is a famous historic scenic site of many along the Silk Road and, measuring 5,445 meters (17,864 feet), and can be seen from afar towering in the North, as does the the entire Tian Shan range. The Bogda Feng itself is located in the southern part of Fukang County, of Changji Prefecture where it is part of a protected wildlife reserve, the Bogda Bioshere Reserve. It is one of the fifteen peaks of Xinjiang open to tourists and thus one can easily get a tour or bus ride to the mountain arranged at the local tourist agency, CITS bureau or a local Hotel.

Apart from a ride someways up the mountain, the tourist itenerary usually includes an arranged visit to the Tianchi Lake, which is situated in a valley underneath the Bogda Feng Peak. The lake water is supplied by melting ice and snow running off the surrounding peaks, the Glaciers of Tianshan. It is thus very pure, crystal clear and remains cold even in mid-summer. As a result, the lake is a millenia old stop over point in an otherwise hostile environment. It was made part of the Bogda Shan Biosphere Reserve in the year 1990.
Since the late 1990's Tianchi Lake, famous for its mirror like surface, has attracted tourist. By now it is the site of  a fairly well-known summer resort for local people. Outside tourist however do net yet venture this far. Foreign tourist are very rarely seen.
Public Transport in Changji
Main Railroad Station of Urumqi - Photos and Introduction
Changji is served by China National Highway 312 (Shanghai to Yining), whereas State Highway 216 (which runs from Altay to Baluntai) and the Urumqi-Tulufan Expressway run through the prefecture as well.
Changji is also served by two major railways in the West. These railroads are the Northern Xinjiang Railroad and the Second Ürümqi-Jinghe Railroad.
Changji City is conveniently located near the Capital City of Xinjiang Region, Urumqi, which has its own large International Airport. For transport within the city Taxi's and Buses are available.

  There is no Train Station in Changji itself. The nearest Train Station to Changji is Ergong Zhan (28.8km).
   More convenient however is the Ürümqi Zhan (39.5km), main train station of the Capital of Xinjiang, Urumqi situated due south-east of Changji.
Complete Listing of available Hotels in Changji, Changji Hui autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang AR, China (PRC).
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Regional Airfield at Karamay,Xinjiang-Uyghur AR - More information
Main Airfield at Urumqi - More information
As a small county level city, Changji does not have its own airport. The nearest airport to Changji however lies a mere 30+ kilometers away and is the Urumqi International Airport, which is also the largest Airport within Xinjiang-Uyghur Autonomous Region entire. A secondary airport which one could revert to when necessary is the Karamay National Airport, a national airfield which is situated well north-west of Changji. A Third Airfield available is the Yining (Kulja) International Airport due East of Changji, again at considerable distance.
Secondary airport at Karamay in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is an International field that connects with local destinations, including in Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
Traditional industries in the area are agriculture and animal husbandry. Speciality local products of Changji include melons, hops, grapes, fernle mushrooms, roast lamb, roast whole sheep and hand-made yellow noodles.
However since the discovery of oil in Xinjiang, the oil industry and gas industry have become important factors in the local and regional economy. Proven reserves of petroleum amount to 150 million tons, while natural gas reserves total 30 billion cubic meters. Currently, there are four oilfields are under construction and development within Changji Hui Autonomous County.
In addition, Changji sees between 2749 and 3090 hours of sunshine per year, which gives it a rich in potential in solar energy terms.

Changji realized GDP of RMB 55.7 billion in 2010, representing a rise of 16% year on year. The prefecture's GDP accounted for 13% of Xinjiang's total.

The agricultural sector generated value-added output of RMB 16.3 billion in 2010, accounting for 29.3% of the prefecture's GDP. Farming, the largest contributor to agricultural sector, gained value-added output of RMB 11.82 billion, accounting for 46.7% of the sector's total.

Secondary industry (industry and construction), the largest contributor to the prefecture's economy, realized value-added output of RMB 23.67 billion, accounting for 42.5% of Changji's total.

The industrial sector realized value-added industrial output of RMB 11.8 billion in 2010, rose 31.8% year on year. Industrial enterprises with designated size or above generated value-added industrial output of RMB 10 billion, contributing 84% to the industrial sector's total.

Petroleum and natural gas mining, coal chemicals, non-ferrous metal smelting, food processing, textiles, machinery and building materials are pillar industries of Changji. As a whole, they realized value-added industrial output of RMB 6.2 billion in 2009, contributing 81.3% to the total generated by industrial enterprises with designated size or above.

The service sector generated value-added output of RMB 15.74 billion, accounting for 28.2% of the prefecture's total GDP in 2010.

During 2010, approximately 7 million tourists visited the prefecture, up 25.3% year on year, while tourism income totaled RMB 3.5 billion, increasing by 39% compared to the previous year.

In 2010, the total import and export value of Changji amounted to US$2.07 billion, representing a fall of 9.1% year on year. Export value sank 1.5% to approximately US$1.9 billion, while import value down 53%% to US$159 million. Major export goods include transformers, steel, building materials, leather handbags and tomato sauce. Italy, the U.K., Japan, the United Arab Emirates, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, the Netherlands, the U.S., and the Philippines are major export destinations. Wulastai (Highway) Port is the only Sino-Mongolia land port located in Changji.
International Airport at Yining, Capital of Ili-Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture,Xinjiang-Uyghur AR - More information
Tertiary airport at Yining (Kulja) in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is an International field that connects with local destinations, including in Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
Changji has a typical arid continental climate with cold winters and hot summers. The temperature difference between day and night is very large. The average temperature in Changji is a mere 6.8°C, while the average annual evaporation totals 200 mm
Changji counts between 2749 and 3090 hours of sunshine per year.
The Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture is divided in two seperate parts. One half of the Prefecture lies immediatly West of Changji, between Changji and neighboring Shihezi Prefecture. The other half of the Autonomous Prefecture, comprised of Mori- and Barkol Kazakh Autonomous Counties, lies due north East of Urumqi, and is seperated from the west half by a narrow strip of Urumqi Prefecture.
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Bayin Gholin Mongol A. Pref.
Kizelesu Kirgyz
A Pref
Ili Kazakh AC
Barkol Kazakh AC
Qoltag Mountains
Tian Shan Mountains
Yang Guan Pass - 1st Gate in the West - Han & Tang Dynasty
Sanwei Shan (2520 meters)
Yu Men Gate & Toll House - Han & Tang Dynasty Great Wall
Kashgar, Xinjiang Uygur AR
DunHuang, Gansu Province
Tibet AR
Overview Map of the very large expanse of the Xinjiang-Uygur Autonomous Region of China (P.R.C.) and surrounding area's. Click Map Image for Full Sized Version.
Gobi Desert
Taklamakan Desert
Tibetan Plateaux
Ngoring Hu
Urumqi, Capital of Xinjiang-Uygur AR
X <-Lop
Yellow River
Yellow River
Yellow River
Shu (KazaKhstan)
YaDan Land-forms
Sandaoling - Kumul Mining Bureau
Qinghai Plateaux
Altai Mountains
Dzungar Depression
Hami (Kumul)
Turpan (Turfan)
Bosten Lake
Manas Lake
Ulungur Lake
Zaysang Lake
Balkash Lake
Golmud, Qinghai Province
Issik-Gul Lake
Hetian (Hotan or Khotan)
Kuqa (Kochar or Kochar)
Almaty (Kazakhstan)
Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan)
Tarim River
ile River
Lepsi (KazaKhstan)
Balchash (KazaKhstan)
Ekibastuz (KazaKhstan)
Ayagoz (KazaKhstan)
Semei (or Semipalatinsk) (KazaKhstan)
Qian Shan Mountains
Pamir Mountains
Karakoram Mountains
Mori Kazakh AC
Tajik AC
Changji, Capital of Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture
Altyn Tag Mountains
Mori, Capital of Mori Kazakh Autonomous County, Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture
Barkol, Capital of Barkol Kazakh Autonomous County, Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture

Although other cities throughout the region count a considerable number of Hui People, intermixed with the now often dominant Han, and the previously largest group, the Uyghur, Changji is offically the main City and home of the Hui Ethnic Minority within Xinjiang Region. As described in more detail below, the Hui share their Autonomous Prefecture with the Kazakh Minority, as a about 50 % of
the Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture is filled up by the Mori Kazakh Autonomous County and the Barkol Kazakh Autonomous County. Both Kazakh Autonomous counties are situated due East of Urumqi and lie separated from the rest of Changji Hui Autonomous County by a thin strip of land that is part of the Urumqi City Prefecture. Thus, clockwise around, Changji has borders with Altay City Prefecture in the North, with The Republic of Mongolia in the North-East, with Hami City Prefecture in the East, with Turpan City Prefecture to the South, with Urumqi City Prefecture, with Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture in the South and finally, Changji borders on Tacheng City Prefecture in the North-West.

The City of Changji is historically also known as Ch'ang-chi, Ch'ang-chi-chen, Ch'ang-chi-hsien, Changki, Chanki, Chantszi, Ning-pien-i or as Sandzhi, the latter being the closest to the original Hui Islamic pronoun-ciation.

A Federation of Industry and Commerce is at Changji. As the administrative Capital of a an ethnic minority enclave, Changji is home to a University.
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China Report - Map of Ancient Asian Empires and Tribes in Asia 565 AD
An overview Map of Asia Entire clearly demarkating the Territories, Nations and Tribal Area's of the Continent in the year 565 AD. Japan is split between the Yamato Kingdom and Emishi. In Korea three Kingdoms Rule among which the largest Goguryeo. China is split in a Northern Dynasty of the Qi, and a Southern Dynasty of the Chen. While in the Far west the Qi Empire stretches as far West as Dunhuang, the Silk Road is temporarily blocked by the unification of Mongol Tribes in the Gokturk Khanate and the appearance of the small XiYe City State in the Tarim River Basin.
The main and dominant Ethnic Group within Changji are the Han, not the Hui people. Respectively, the Han and the Hui account for approximately 75% and 12% to Changji's total population.
Situated on a location along the northern pathways of the Chinese Silk Road into Central Asia, Changji has a long history. In fact, archeological finds indicate that human settlement of the wider regions
There are no recommended Hotels for Changji City at this Time. Most visitors prefer to book a Hotel in Urumqi City and travel the 32.5 Kilometers to Changji from there.

For direct Booking, please refer to: Hotels in Xinjiang, or Hotels in Urumqi.
Map China Ethno-Linguistic / Language Distribution China
Map of Languages & Distirbution in China !
A Full and complete Map of China (PRC) identifying all Language Areas big and small in all Provinces and Autonomous Regions of China.
Map includes Turkic Languages (Uygur, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Salar & Uzbek), Mongolian Language and Sub-Divisions (Mongol, Tu, Daur and Dongxian), Tungusic Peoples (Oroqen, Evenki and Xibe) and Languages, Korean, Tajik (Tadzhik), Mon-Khmer (Kawa + Puman (or Pulang)), Hui, Uygur (Uighur), Tibeto-Bhurman Languages, Tai and Miao, Yao and She' Language Area's and Borders. Main Area's and sub-divisions of Han Languages (Northern Mandarin, Eastern Mandarin, South-Western Mandarin and Cantonese) further included. This color-coded ethno-linguistic Map (of 1967 AD) identifies at a glance most ethnic minority regions in China
occured a very long time ago. The earliest signs of human inhabitation of the Changji Area date to 6.000 and even 10.000 years before the Birth of Christ.  Primitive carvings and paintings in the Tianshan Mountains give further proof of a long procession of primitive, probably nomadic humans passing through the area and perhaps settling for some time.
That said however, the first recorded history of the Changji only begins with the emergence of the Chinese Han Dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD), and its explorations of these far western regions.

After the collapse of the Han Dynasty, and their succesor, the short lived but uniting Ch'In Dynasty (221 BC - 207 BC), Chinese influence was nearly completely lost in the regions for some time.
Much later in the 6Th Century AD, Changji became part of the so called Göktürk Khaganate (552 AD to 745 AD). This group of peoples was known in China at the time as 突厥, the Tūjué, a nomadic confederation of peoples which held a large swath of territory that consisted of most the Central Asian plains.
Changji and regions were once more conquered and then administered by Chinese under the rule of the rising Tang Dynasty (618 AD - 907 AD), which saw an unprecedented expansion of the Chinese Territory.
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China Report - Colonialism - Growth of Colonies & Japan after 1801 AD
A Map drawing of the Eurasian continent , parts of North-East Africa and the Middle East in the 19Th Century between 1801 AD and 1900 AD. Focal points are the expansion of western colonial posessions of Portugal, Britain and France, as well as  Russia moving from West to East. Labeled seperately is the later Rise of the Empire of Japan in the East.
Included in this Map are the main cities across the continent with their brief histories and events during the 19Th Century. Marked in Colors for clarity are the various colonial and imperialist Nations. As relating to China; special attention is payed to so called Treaty Ports. The First Treaty Ports were forced open by Britain in the year 1841 AD, but counted over 80 in total by the end of the 19Th Century. The most important Treaty Ports in China are marked and described with a short history where the map allows.
Map China and Far East Colonies after 1801 AD
During the (mostly) second half of the 19Th Century, North and Western Xinjiang Region came under increasing Russian influence and open military pressures.
In the year 1884 AD, when a province was set up to administrate Xinjiang (New Territory) under the rule of the Qing Dynasty of China (1644 AD - 1911 AD) the Changji region was under the control of Dihua Fu.
Colonialism - 1912 World Map of Colonial Possessions & Trade Routes.
A Map drawing of the World depicting the Colonial Possessions as they were distributed in 1912 AD. Superimposed and marked in colors are subsequent changes in Influences Spheres, colonies and possessions due to World War I ( 1914 AD - 1918 AD).
Included in this Map are the main cities across the continents with their brief histories and events during the late 19Th Century and early 20Th century, where relevant. Marked in Colors for clarity are the various colonial and imperialist Nations. As relating to China; special attention is payed to so called Treaty Ports. The First Treaty Ports were forced open by Britain in the year 1841 AD, but counted over 80 in total by the end of the 19Th Century.
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You Tube Clip: Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Hui song and dance at the Hua'Er Cultural Festival in Xinjiang, China.
Another tourist attraction may be found in the Festivities surrounding the traditional Islamic Festival of Curban (Korban) and other islamic Festivals. The Uygur, the Kazaks, the Hui and other Islamic ethnic minorities celebrate religious the Corban Festival with fervor. Celebrations in Kashgar and Urumqi are however bigger and possibly more interesting.

The main ethnic cultural festival however is the yearly Hua'Er Festival, which is a song and dance extavaganza featuring various ethnic styles of the region and truly wonderful costumes and talent. There are Kyrgyz groups, Kazakh groups, Uzbekis, Eluosi (Russians), Tajiks and many more.
For a Full listing of Changji City Landmarks, Monuments, Hotspots and other sites of importance in alphabetical order. Search
through the list to find your Full Report and Photo-Virtual Tour of each monument or landmark within the City, or Region of Changji, administrative Capital of Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture in Xinjiang-Uygur AR of China (PRC).
Taxkorgan (Tashkurgan), Capital of Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County
Artux, Capital of Kizilsu Kirghiz Autonomous Prefecture of The Peoples Republic of China (P.R.C.)
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Changji, Capital of Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture
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